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CV vs. Résumé: What’s the Distinction?

Are you confused in regards to the distinction between a curriculum vitae (CV) and a résumé? You’re not alone. They’re each used to use for jobs, and on the floor they give the impression of being related.

Many individuals even use these phrases interchangeably, however they really have totally different meanings and serve totally different functions. On this information, we’ll discover the variations between a CV and a résumé that can assist you perceive which one to make use of.

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What’s a CV vs. résumé?

A résumé is a brief doc detailing related expertise and expertise for a particular job or internship. A CV is an extended doc that gives a complete overview of 1’s skilled and educational achievements.

CVs are generally used to use for tutorial positions, grants, fellowships, and jobs within the European Union and the UK. Résumés are tailor-made to every job utility and are most frequently used to use for jobs in america. A CV could embrace a photograph, however a résumé shouldn’t embrace a photograph except particularly requested.

Listed below are the principle variations between a CV and a résumé at a look.

Résumé and CV size

Since a résumé is tailor-made to every job you’re making use of for, it ought to be concise and transient—sometimes round one web page. A CV, then again, is an in-depth take a look at your complete instructional and employment historical past. There’s no size restrict for CVs, however they’re about two pages lengthy on common.

Profession sort

Educational, medical, and authorized careers require CVs for job purposes within the US. For those who’re working in one among these professions, you’ll positively use a CV. Most different careers use a résumé.


Most job purposes within the EU request a CV quite than a résumé. For those who’re making use of for a job in a kind of nations or when you stay within the EU, you’ll want to make use of a CV. For those who’re within the US, you’ll most likely use a résumé as an alternative.


CVs can have pictures. Relying in your career, chances are you’ll need to embrace a photograph in your CV. Images are not often required, although. You shouldn’t embrace a photograph on a résumé.


Résumés ought to be custom-made for every job utility with motion phrases that spotlight essentially the most related work expertise and expertise for that particular job description. CVs generally is a broader overview together with all or most of your expertise when you’re making use of for an instructional, medical, or authorized place. Whereas CVs could also be extra tailor-made for job purposes within the EU, they aren’t required to be as transient as résumés.

What’s a CV?

A curriculum vitae is a doc used to showcase one’s schooling, work expertise, achievements, expertise, and different related info to potential employers. It’s pronounced kuh-RIK-yuh-luhm VEE-tay, and it means “course of life” in Latin. It’s used when making use of for internships, educational applications, or jobs within the European Union.

A CV sometimes consists of the next sections:

  • Header: Identify, deal with, cellphone quantity, e-mail, and different contact info
  • Skilled abstract: A brief assertion summarizing your expertise, expertise, and profession objectives
  • Schooling: Details about your instructional background, together with levels earned, printed work, establishments attended, and related coursework
  • Work expertise: An in depth description of your previous and present employment, together with job titles, dates of employment, and key duties and achievements
  • Expertise: An outline of expertise related to the job opening

What’s a résumé?

A résumé is a one-page doc that summarizes a person’s work expertise, schooling, expertise, and achievements. The phrase résumé means “abstract” in French. It’s sometimes used when making use of for a job or internship and ought to be tailor-made to every utility.

A typical résumé consists of the next sections:

  • Résumé header: Your identify, deal with, cellphone quantity, and e-mail
  • Skilled abstract/goal assertion: A short assertion summarizing your profession objectives and highlighting your associated expertise and expertise. This paragraph will also be used to clarify gaps between experiences
  • Work expertise: An inventory of related earlier jobs and work expertise, normally in reverse chronological order (beginning together with your most up-to-date job)
  • Schooling: Instructional background, together with your diploma(s), faculty identify(s), and commencement date(s)
  • Expertise: An inventory of appropriate expertise for the particular job you’re making use of for

When to make use of a CV vs. résumé:

In america, you’ll most likely use a résumé greater than a CV except you’re in an instructional profession. Within the European Union, CVs are anticipated as an alternative. Listed below are a couple of examples of while you would possibly use a CV and when you need to use a résumé.

A CV is often used when making use of for the next:

  • Educational positions
  • Analysis alternatives
  • Positions within the European Union
  • Sure forms of jobs (reminiscent of medical or authorized professions)

You need to use a résumé within the following conditions:

  • Making use of for a job
  • Networking with professionals in your area
  • Attending profession festivals

CV vs. résumé instance

For a deeper understanding of the distinction between a CV and a résumé, let’s take a look at a few examples.

CV instance

Right here’s an instance of a CV used for a medical profession:

Eric Williams

456 Phillips Avenue | Portland, OR 97255 | Cell: 505-555-7558 | Pager: 505-555-4767 |


M.D., College of Iowa School of Medication, Iowa Metropolis, IA

August 2021-Current | Anticipated Could 2026

B.A., Biology, Simpson School, Indianola, IA

August 2017-Could 2021

EMT—Fundamental, Mercy School of Well being Sciences, Des Moines, IA

September 2018-January 2019

Skilled Expertise

College of Iowa Hospitals, Pathology Externship, Des Moines, IA 

September 2022-Current

Rotated on surgical pathology, post-mortem, and electives, together with hematopathology, cytopathology, and immunopathology to achieve elementary expertise in pathology

Boone Fireplace Division, EMT, Boone, IA

February 2019-July 2021

Served as a per diem emergency medical technician for the Boone Fireplace Division in the course of the summer season. 

Instructing Expertise

College of Iowa School of Medication, Tutor, Iowa Metropolis, IA 

September 2022-Current

Tutored second-year medical college students of their pathology course, and of their preparation for the USMLE Step 1 examination.

Science Heart of Iowa, Summer time Intern, Des Moines, IA 

Could 2021-August 2021

Taught a wide range of science topics in a enjoyable surroundings to youngsters aged 8-13. 

Skilled Actions

American Medical Scholar Affiliation, President

January 2022-Current

Obligations included arranging an instrument sale for first-year medical college students, and producing curiosity for and arranging transportation and lodging for the nationwide and regional conventions.

Very important Indicators—Scholar Newspaper, Editor

November 2022-Current

Author/editor of the “Profiles” column. Highlighting medical college students, school, and employees alongside the Alumni Affiliation. 

Skilled Memberships

American Medical Scholar Affiliation

American Medical Affiliation

Educational Awards

Doft Scholar, 2021-2022

Honorable Point out, Mathematical Contest in Modeling, 2023

President’s Listing, 2019

Dean’s Listing, 2018

Excellent Performer, Freshman in Biology, 2017

Résumé instance

Right here’s an instance of a résumé for a content material director:

Emily Liamson

Content material Director

I take advantage of branding, social media, and content material
technique to assist manufacturers develop.

123 Graham Avenue

Boston, MA 02134

(617) 456-7890


Sysdig, Boston, MA—Head of Model & Content material Advertising

February 2022-PRESENT

Developed a model technique, compelling
firm narrative, and messaging hierarchies
to create a loyal neighborhood.

Ran 5 social channels and grew 200% YOY
to 2.7M subscribers throughout platforms.

Led model testing and improvement to tell methods. 

Lynx, Manhattan, NY—Lead Content material Strategist

July 2020-December 2022

Constructed a strong content material technique and
framework to drive 235K guests monthly through natural visitors with a employees of 5. 

Created a associate advertising and marketing matrix and
thought management program to increase
attain and authority. 

Veva Techniques, New York, NY
Content material Author

Could 2018-March 2020

Created and refreshed outdated weblog posts
to extend natural visitors by 30% YOY.

Crafted briefs and carried out analysis primarily based
on overarching web optimization technique.


New York College, New York, NY—B.S., Enterprise Advertising

August 2012-Could 2016

The Stern Faculty of Enterprise Advertising focus. Minors in philosophy and psychology. 


  • Content material Advertising
  • B2B & B2C Model Administration
  • Management
  • Hubspot, HootSuite, Adobe Artistic Suite, Notion, Slack





  • Greatest Analysis Award introduced at AAF NSAC competitors finals. 





  • English
  • French
  • Spanish





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