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Days of the week in Spanish

Are you prepared to start out planning in Spanish? Then it’s time to study the times of the week!

Studying the times of the week in Spanish is a superb foundational ability so as to add onto counting in Spanish, telling the time in Spanish, and saying the date in Spanish

As you study the times of the week, you’ll begin to perceive grammar guidelines, capitalization guidelines, and even among the etymology of the language. Plus, you’ll additionally study abbreviations and customary phrases associated to time that may enable you sound extra like a local speaker.

The best way to say the times of the week in Spanish

Right here’s say the times of the week in Spanish:

Monday lunes
Tuesday martes
Wednesday miércoles
Thursday jueves
Friday viernes
Saturday sábado
Sunday domingo

Grammar guidelines for the times of the week in Spanish

In contrast to English, the times of the week in Spanish usually are not capitalized after they’re utilized in a sentence. 

The times of the week in Spanish are additionally all masculine nouns, which means they’ve masculine articles previous them. In English, when discussing a day of the week we are going to usually say “on this present day,” however in Spanish, you utilize the article for “the” – el or los – to point which day you’re discussing.

You’ll additionally discover that among the days of the week in Spanish finish in an “s,” however they’re all singular nouns. When utilizing the times of the week in a sentence, the article will point out in case you are discussing a particular day of the week or a number of days. For instance, altering el lunes to los lunes adjustments the which means of a sentence from speaking about one explicit Monday to speaking about all Mondays.

  • I don’t have class on Monday. = No tengo clase el lunes.
  • I don’t have class on Mondays. = No tengo clase los lunes.

For extra easy sentences, equivalent to, “Right this moment is Tuesday,” the verb ser is used earlier than the day of the week in Spanish.

  • Right this moment is Tuesday. = Hoy es martes.

Equally, when discussing days of the week in Spanish up to now tense, you should utilize fue—the previous tense of ser—to speak about days which have handed.

  • Yesterday was Monday. = Ayer fue lunes.

Origin of the times of the week in Spanish

To recollect the times of the week, it may be useful to know the etymology, or la etimología, of the phrases. Like many romance languages, Spanish has its origins in Latin and Greco-Roman etymology, and the primary 5 days of the week are named after planets. 

Saturday and Sunday however, come from the Latin phrases associated to Christianity. Saturday will get its identify from sabbatum or sabbath, the day of relaxation, and Sunday in Spanish, domingo, comes from “dies Dominica or the “The Lord’s day” in Latin.

Right here’s how every day of the week obtained its identify:

Day of the week Root/Related Phrase English translation
lunes luna Moon
martes Marte Mars
miércoles Mercurio Mercury
jueves Júpiter Jupiter
viernes Venus Venus 
sábado Sabbatum (Latin) The day of the sabbath
domingo Dominica (Latin) Lord

Abbreviations for the times of the week in Spanish

For extra informal conversations, like over textual content, Spanish audio system will use abbreviations of the times of the week to get their level throughout. Like most languages, the abbreviations correspond to the primary letter or letters of the day of the week. 

The one exception is miércoles or Wednesday, which is abbreviated as “X” in order to not be confused with martes or Tuesday. The times of the week in Spanish-speaking international locations are additionally listed as Monday by Sunday, not like in lots of predominantly English-speaking international locations, the place Sunday is usually thought-about the “first” day of the week.

Day of the Week Abbreviation Single letter abbreviation
lunes Lu L
martes Ma M
miércoles Mi X
jueves Ju J
viernes Vi V
sábado Sa S
domingo Do D

Time and days in Spanish

As mentioned above, as a substitute of utilizing en, or “on” in English, to speak a couple of particular day, it’s best to use the article el or the los to debate the precise days of the week in Spanish. To point the time interval, you’ll add a verb like desde (since), a determiner like todos (each), or an adjective like pasado (final) to the sentence. 

Utilizing ”each,” “till,” and “since” in Spanish

For many sentences, the construction consists of the modifier, adopted by el  or los, and the day of the week. So todos (each), hasta (till), and desde (since), are written as “phrase” + “el/los” + “day of the week.” For instance:

  • They buy groceries each Sunday. = Ellas van de compras todos los domingos.
  • I might be in California till Friday. = Voy a estar en California hasta el lunes.
  • I’ve been right here since Monday. = He estado aquí desde el domingo.

Utilizing “earlier than” and “after” in Spanish

To say earlier than—antes—or after—después—you’ll have to make use of the preposition “de” after the phrase, however earlier than the day of the week. So, in the event you’re making an attempt to say you’ll see somebody “earlier than Sunday” for instance, “de” and “el” might be mixed to create the contraction “del.”

  • I wish to see you earlier than Sunday. = Quiero verte antes del domingo.
  • I wish to see you after Sunday. = Quiero verte después del domingo.

Utilizing ”subsequent,” “final,” and “this present day” in Spanish

There are two methods to say “subsequent” in Spanish: próximo or que viene. As an adjective, “subsequent” is used after the article el and earlier than the day of the week. The expressions are interchangeable once you’re discussing particular days of the week in Spanish, however que viene is a extra conversational solution to phrase it. For instance:

  • I’m going to see a film subsequent Tuesday. = Voy a ver una película el próximo martes.
  • I’m going to see a film subsequent Tuesday. = Voy a ver una pelicula el martes que viene.

“Final,” or pasado, can be an adjective, nevertheless it follows a extra conventional grammatical construction and comes after the noun, on this case the day of the week. 

  • It was raining final Sunday. = Estaba lloviendo el domingo pasado.

To say “this present day,” este is used within the place of the article el  or los. It’s because este and el are a part of the identical class of phrases, known as “determiners.” Since noun phrases can solely have one determiner, este replaces el  when discussing the present day or a day arising this week.

  • I wish to go operating this Saturday. =  Quiero ir a correr este sábado.

Widespread phrases that use  “weeks” in Spanish

Saying “week” or “weeks” in Spanish may be very easy. You’ll use both la semana (singular) or las semanas (plural) and add qualifiers to point the time interval you’re discussing. Identical to particular days of the week, the grammatical construction for phrases like “subsequent week” and “each week” is identical. Nonetheless, semana is a female noun and makes use of the articles “la” and “las” as a substitute of “el” and los.”

Listed below are some frequent phrases for the weeks in Spanish:

English Spanish
Final week La semana pasada
Subsequent week La semana que viene
Each week Todas las semanas
As soon as every week Una vez a la semana
Just a few weeks Unas semanas
Two weeks Dos semanas
Three weeks Tres semanas

Widespread phrases to explain days in Spanish

Together with the times of the week in Spanish, it may be useful to know say issues like” at present,” “yesterday,” and “tomorrow.” Like the times of the week in Spanish or weeks in Spanish, these phrases could be modified to be a couple of extra particular day.

Listed below are few phrases for days in Spanish:

English Spanish
Right this moment Hoy
Yesterday Ayer
Tomorrow Mañana
The day after tomorrow Pasado mañana

Discover extra Spanish language studying suggestions

Now that you already know the times of the week and also you’re able to make plans in Spanish, why not take the subsequent step in your language studying journey? You may study primary phrases and phrases, evaluate the important fundamentals for studying Spanish, or discover Oaxaca, Mexico by on a regular basis conversations. No matter your language studying objectives, Rosetta Stone might help you study a language sooner and extra confidently than you’ll in the event you studied by yourself.

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