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Thursday, March 30, 2023

Do elephants actually ‘always remember’?

African elephants excel at remembering information which might be key to their survival. (Picture credit score: Manoj Shah through Getty Photos)

They are saying “an elephant by no means forgets.” However how a lot reality is there to that expression? How good is an elephant’s reminiscence?

Although it is not strictly correct to say an elephant by no means forgets, the pachyderms did evolve to recollect particulars which might be key to their survival. For instance, elder African elephants (Loxodonta africana) can recall the distinctive sounds and smells of predators (even discriminating between totally different teams of individuals, relying on their odor and clothes shade (opens in new tab)), retrace their steps to seek out water holes within the arid savanna, and distinguish members of the family and associates from a whole bunch of different elephants.

“With the ability to search out ample meals and water in a extremely dynamic surroundings such because the savanna, whereas additionally managing advanced social relationships and avoiding predation danger, requires a mind able to processing and remembering detailed data,” Graeme Shannon (opens in new tab), a lecturer in zoology at Bangor College within the U.Okay., instructed Reside Science in an e-mail. “It is a essential talent that may imply the distinction between life and demise.”

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