In our day by day life we frequently hear the phrases like half,

quarter, one third and so forth. These sort of phrases present that they’re a part of a factor.

After we divide something into equal components every half is known as a fraction of the

complete.

A complete can both be a area (an object) or a set

(group of objects).

How is fraction as part of an entire?

We all know, a fraction means a component.

So, fraction is the half of an entire object.

Thus, a fraction is the a part of a

assortment or collections of objects.

A fraction is part of an entire

quantity say 1, 2, 3, 4, ……. 150 ……. and so forth.

Thus, a quantity which isn’t a

complete quantity is named a fractional quantity.

**For instance; **1/2, 1/3, 2/3, 3/4, 5/6, …………… are fractional numbers.

Photos of fraction as part of an entire:

**Fractions
of a Area:**

**1. Halves –**

When an object as an entire is split into two components, there are

two potentialities. The components could also be equal or unequal.

Every equal half of an entire is known as one-half. It’s expressed as (frac{1}{2}) and skim as one over two or one upon two.

*In different phrases, *

After we divide one thing into two equal components every half is

referred to as one half of the entire. We additionally write it as (frac{1}{2}).

(i)

If a colourful sheet of paper is

taken and one edge is introduced on to the alternative edge and a crease is made in

the center, then this crease divides the sheet of paper into two equal components.

Every half will probably be one half of the entire sheet.

(ii)

The circle can be be divided into two half circles. Every of the 2 equal components is known as half of the entire. Equally, every of the 2 equal components of a sq. is named the half fraction as part of an entire.

(iii)

This cake is split into 2 equal components. Every half is one

half of the entire.

**2. Fourths –**

Once more if we take a sheet which was earlier divided into two

equal components by folding, it could possibly once more be divided by a second fold within the center.

*In different phrases, *

After we divide one thing into 4 equal components every half is

referred to as one fourth of the entire. We additionally write it as (frac{1}{4}).

(i)

Thus, the sheet is split into 4 equal components. Every equal half is known as one-fourth or 1 / 4 of the entire sheet. Thus, any complete might be divided into 4 equal components and every half is one-fourth or 1 / 4 of the entire. It’s expressed as 1/4 and skim as one over 4 or one upon 4.

If we think about two components of the 4 equal components of an entire it is going to symbolize 2/4 or two fourths, i.e. two one-fourth or half.

If we think about three components of the 4 equal components of an entire, it is going to symbolize 3/4 or three-fourths or three quarters. It is usually learn as three upon 4.

(ii)

This biscuit is split into 4 equal components. Every half is one

fourth of the entire.

**3. Thirds –**

If a sheet is split into three equal components, then every half is

referred to as one-third of the entire sheet.

*In different phrases, *

After we divide one thing into three equal components every half is

referred to as one third of the entire. We additionally write it as (frac{1}{3}).

(i)

Thus, one of many three equal components of a See the photographs exhibits |

(ii)

Equally, if a circle is split See the photographs exhibits |

(iii)

This Romanian flag is split into 3 equal components. Every half

is one third of the entire.

**4.** How can we pretty share one apple between two kids? How a lot will every youngster get? Allow us to minimize the apple in three other ways.

Now, allow us to evaluate the shaded components which the unsheded components in every image. In image **(i)** the shaded half is smaller than the unshaded half. In image **(ii)** the shaded half is bigger than the unshaded half. In p[icture **(iii)** shaded and unshaded parts are equal. We say that apple is divided into equal halves. One part is called one-half.

There are two halves in a whole. Each half is written as (frac{1}{2}). It is read as one by two.

**5.** 1/2, 1/3, 2/4, 2/3, 3/4, ……… , etc., are called fractions or

fractional numbers.

1/5, 2/5, 3/5, 4/5, 5/5, 1/6, 2/6,

3/6, 4/6, 5/6, ………… etc., are also fractions. Any part or part of a whole one

is known as a fraction. A fraction is expressed by two numbers having a small

horizontal line between them.

The number above the small line is

called the **numerator** or **top number** and the number below the

small line is called **denominator** or **bottom number**.

As, in 4/5, where 4 is the numerator and 5 is the denominator

[frac{4 {color{Red} rightarrow } Numerator}{5 {color{Red} rightarrow } Denominator}]

We are saying one complete is divide into 5

equal components from which if 4 components are taken, it might be expressed as 4/5 which

is a fractional quantity or fraction.

The above clarification will assist us to know how the fraction

as part of an entire quantity.

**Associated Ideas**

**● ****Fraction as a Half
of Assortment**

**● ****Convert a Fraction
to an Equal Fraction**

**● ****Correct Fraction and
Improper Fraction**

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