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IELTS Mannequin Essay: Plastic | IELTS Charlie

This IELTS Writing Activity 2 pattern essay is a problems-solutions essay on the subject of plastic air pollution from Cambridge IELTS 16. This lesson in consists of my essay plan, my instance essay, a vocabulary listing and a fill-in-the-blanks exercise. So let’s get began!

Right here is the duty:

Plastic baggage, plastic bottles and plastic packaging are unhealthy for the setting.

What injury does plastic do to the setting?

What will be carried out by governments and people to resolve this drawback?

Cambridge Basic Coaching 16 (Take a look at 1)

This can be a matter that has been on the information so much over the previous few years, particularly since Sir David Attenborough’s BBC documentary, BBC Planet II.

In the event you’re struggling to generate concepts for this essay matter, learn Greenpeace’s web page about plastic air pollution.

My Plan

What Injury? (Drawback)

Plastic in water provide

  • When plastic degrades, tiny particles get washed into water provide. These are poisonous, so may cause illness, e.g. most cancers

Animals attempt to eat plastic

  • Animals mistake them for meals. Causes issues
  • Some animals could choke on plastic baggage and die


Make plastic packaging costlier.

  • Additional value of plastic will encourage individuals to re-use plastic or keep away from it altogether
  • Supermarkets can cost for utilizing plastic baggage, so individuals will carry personal baggage.

Enhance water provide

  • Many individuals purchase ingesting water in plastic bottles as a result of native water provide is poor (micro organism, heavy metals, e.g. Thailand, Turkey)

Right here is my visible plan for this essay. Click on on the picture to view it full-size.

Plastics Essay Plan

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My Essay

Plastic use has elevated dramatically over the past 50 years, changing extra conventional packaging similar to glass bottles, tins and paper baggage. Sadly, this has additionally resulted in an enormous quantity of plastic being discarded, and this has induced a variety of environmental issues.

One of many fundamental issues – one which has solely lately been found – is that when plastic degrades, it releases tiny particles which finally get washed into the water provide. These particles will be poisonous if ingested in massive sufficient portions, and will even be carcinogenic. One other drawback is that animals could mistake plastic objects for meals. For instance, seagulls typically mistake plastic baggage for jellyfish, and attempt to eat them, inflicting them to choke and die. Many bigger aquatic animals have been discovered washed up on seashores with their digestive programs stuffed with plastic materials.

So what will be carried out about this? One of many apparent options is to make plastic packaging costlier in an effort to encourage individuals to re-use plastic or keep away from it altogether. Supermarkets in lots of international locations have began to cost customers for plastic baggage and this has proved to achieve success, with many individuals bringing their very own reusable purchasing baggage. One other resolution is likely to be to enhance native water provide. In lots of growing international locations, faucet water can’t be drunk as a result of it comprises micro organism or heavy metals, so individuals as a substitute purchase bottled water. Nonetheless, this creates a colossal quantity of plastic waste since these bottles are single-use. Serving to international locations like Thailand or Turkey modernise their home water provide infrastructure would subsequently result in a big discount in using plastic bottles.

To summarise, plastic packaging has dangerous results each on ingesting water and for animals, however making it costlier and enhancing entry to drinkable water within the growing world can go an extended strategy to decreasing these issues.

(308 phrases)

Plastic Pollution in the Ocean


Right here is a number of the language in my essay that might guarantee a excessive band rating. Word that the majority of this language are phrases and collocations, not single phrases. Examiners are your skill to make use of “lexical objects” (i.e. teams of phrases) at Band 7 and above.

  • glass bottles, tins and paper baggage
  • an enormous quantity of plastic being discarded
  • a variety of environmental issues
  • has solely lately been found
  • plastic degrades
  • releases tiny particles
  • washed into the water provide
  • poisonous
  • ingested
  • carcinogenic
  • mistake…for
  • choke
  • aquatic animals
  • washed up on seashores
  • re-use plastic
  • reusable purchasing baggage
  • native water provide
  • heavy metals
  • colossal quantity of
  • single-use
  • home water provide infrastructure


Are you able to re-create my essay? With out wanting on the essay once more, fill within the lacking areas with the right phrases from my essay above. Good luck! (The exercise works greatest on a desktop, laptop computer or pill pc).

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