We’ve learnt multiplication of numbers with 2-digit multiplier. Now, we are going to study extra. Tell us some details about multiplication.

When every set of numbers are equal we use multiplication to search out out the end result.

The signal of multiplication is ×.

**1. **The results of multiplication known as product

e.g. 2 × 3 = 6 **→** (Product).

In multiplication, the quantity being multiplied known as the multiplicand and the quantity by which it’s being multiplied known as the multiplier.

**Instance: **

The reply of the multiplication known as the product.

**2.** The product of any quantity multiplied by a ‘zero’ is zero.

Multiplying any quantity by 0 will at all times give 0.

Instance: 3 × 0 = 0 or 6 × 0 = 0

Suppose — If every little one will get ‘zero’ sweets, what number of sweets will 4 youngsters get?

4 occasions 0 sweets or 4 × 0 = 0

**3. Multiplying any quantity by 1 will at all times give that quantity itself.**

The product of any quantity multiplied by ‘one’ is the same as

the quantity itself.

**Instance:**

7 × 1 = 7 or 9 × 1 = 9

Suppose — If each little one will get ‘1’ candy, what number of

sweets are wanted for 8 youngsters?

1 little one → 1 candy

8 youngsters → 8 occasions 1 candy

8 × 1 candy = 8 sweets

Product is the same as the quantity itself.

**4.** In a multiplication operation, the product could be equal

to the numbers being multiplied or higher than, however by no means the smaller, besides

when one of many quantity is zero.

Instance:

**5.** For each multiplication truth there are two division

details.

Instance:

Thus, the product divided by the multiplicand equals the

multiplier and the product divided by the multiplier equals the multiplicand.

**6. Product is at all times identical even when the order of the numbers adjustments whereas multiplying.**

In multiplication operation, the change within the order of

the numbers being multiplied doesn’t change the product.

**Instance:**

6 x 3 = 18 is identical as 3 x 6 = 18

9 × 8 = 8 × 9 = 72

12 × 5 = 5 × 12 = 60

**Word:**

The division truth is used for locating the lacking

multiplicand or multiplier.

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