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Wednesday, June 7, 2023

Methods to Conjugate the 25 Most Frequent Spanish -IR Verbs 

In case you’re simply beginning to dip your toes into Spanish, it’s a good suggestion to start out with a small objective—like expressing your ideas in full sentences. And no sentence is full and not using a verb, which is why it’s vital to be taught the commonest Spanish verbs.

In Spanish, verbs are categorised by their endings:

  • -AR verbs, e.g., trabajar and hablar 
  • -ER verbs, e.g., comer and leer 
  • -IR verbs, e.g., vivir and dormir 

Although -IR verbs are usually not as widespread as -AR and -ER verbs in Spanish, the probabilities of an -IR verb making its method into conversations are nonetheless excessive. 

You’re in all probability asking: How would I do know what goes on in Spanish conversations with out taking part in them? With Rosetta Stone Spanish, you possibly can! Each lesson helps you be taught helpful phrases and follow saying full sentences that you simply’ll really use in the actual world. 

Earlier than that, we’ll offer you a preview of all of the verbs you possibly can be taught with Rosetta Stone. Let’s stroll by the 25 commonest Spanish -IR verbs and find out how to conjugate them! 

Spanish conjugation fundamentals

Once you see a verb in Spanish that ends in -AR, -ER, or -IR, they’re of their infinitive type. However if you wish to specific that these actions are executed by completely different topics (you, he, they, and so on.) or in numerous tenses (current, previous, future, and so on.), the verbs have to be conjugated. 

That may sound sophisticated, however don’t tense up! Conjugation is solely the method of adjusting a verb to replicate the topic and verb tense. 

In truth, you already know find out how to conjugate verbs in English. For instance, English verbs up to now tense have “-ed” endings, like “shopped” or “performed,” and verbs within the current progressive tense have “-ing” endings, like “procuring” or “enjoying.” 

The identical idea applies to Spanish: Spanish verbs have completely different endings for various tenses. 

Methods to conjugate Spanish -IR verbs 

There are 18 completely different verb tenses in Spanish, however for novices, studying find out how to conjugate verbs in these three tenses is sufficient to get you began: 

  • Current: specific actions occurring now or often (“I bike to highschool.”)
  • Preterite: specific actions which were accomplished up to now (“I biked to highschool this morning.”)
  • Future: specific actions that can occur sooner or later (“I’ll bike to highschool later.”)

-IR verb conjugation within the current tense

To conjugate -IR verbs within the current tense, take away the “-ir” ending and add the next endings: 

Topic pronoun Current tense

you (casual)
él, ella, usted
he, she, you (formal)
nosotros, nosotras
vosotros, vosotras
you all (casual, Spain solely)
ellos, ellas, ustedes
they, you all (formal)

Right here is how the verb escribir (to put in writing) appears within the current tense: 

yo escribo I write nosotros escribimos we write
tú escribes  you (casual) write vosotros escribís you all write 
él/ella/usted escribe he/she writes
you (formal) write 
ellos/ellas/ustedes escriben they write
you all (formal) write

-IR verb conjugation within the preterite tense

To conjugate -IR verbs within the preterite tense, take away the “-ir” ending and add the next endings: 

Topic pronoun Preterite tense

you (casual)
él, ella, usted
he, she, you (formal)
nosotros, nosotras
vosotros, vosotras
you all (casual, Spain solely)
ellos, ellas, ustedes
they, you all (formal)

That is what the verb escribir (to put in writing) appears like within the preterite tense: 

yo escribí I wrote nosotros escribimos we wrote
tú escribiste  you (casual) wrote vosotros escribisteis you all wrote 
él/ella/usted escrib he/she wrote
you (formal) wrote 
ellos/ellas/ustedes escribieron they wrote
you all (formal) wrote

-IR verb conjugation sooner or later tense

Conjugating verbs sooner or later tense is a bit completely different from the earlier two tenses. As a substitute of eradicating the “-ir” ending, merely add the next endings to the complete infinitive type: 

Topic pronoun Future tense
you (casual)
él, ella, usted
he, she, you (formal)
nosotros, nosotras
vosotros, vosotras
you all (casual, Spain solely)
ellos, ellas, ustedes
they, you all (formal)

For instance, here’s what the verb escribir (to put in writing) appears like sooner or later tense: 

yo escribiré I’ll write nosotros escribiremos we are going to write
tú escribirás you (casual) will write vosotros escribiréis you all will write 
él/ella/usted escribía he/she is going to write
you (formal) will write 
ellos/ellas/ustedes escribirán they may write
you all (formal) will write

15 widespread common -IR verbs in Spanish

Common -IR verbs will all the time observe the conjugation patterns outlined above. Here’s a record of -IR verbs which can be good to know for on a regular basis conversations

  1. abrir = to open
  2. añadir = so as to add
  3. compartir = to share 
  4. decidir = to determine
  5. describir = to explain
  6. discutir = to debate
  7. dividir = to divide 
  8. escribir = to put in writing
  9. existir = to exist 
  10. ocurrir = to happen
  11. partir = to go away
  12. permitir = to allow
  13. recibir = to obtain
  14. sufrir = to undergo
  15. vivir = to dwell

10 commonest irregular -IR verbs in Spanish

Then again, irregular -IR verbs don’t observe the identical conjugation guidelines. Irregular verbs may take extra effort and time to be taught, however shouldn’t be missed as they’re really extra widespread than common verbs. Here’s a record of 10 of an important irregular -IR verbs that you’ll use. 

We’ve additionally offered the conjugation of those widespread irregular verbs within the current tense. To see find out how to conjugate irregular verbs in different tenses, you possibly can look them up in a dependable conjugation dictionary like SpanishDictionary

1. ir = to go

yo voy nosotros vamos
vas vosotros vais
él/ella/usted va ellos/ellas/ustedes van

Instance sentences:

  • ¡Vamos a la playa! = Let’s go to the seashore!
  • ¿Vas al médico cuando estás enfermo? = Do you go to the physician while you’re sick? 

2. oír = to listen to

yo oigo nosotros oímos
oyes vosotros oís
él/ella/usted oye ellos/ellas/ustedes oyen 

Instance sentences:

  • Los niños aprenden palabras que oyen en su entorno. = Youngsters decide up phrases they hear of their surroundings. 
  • ¿Por qué no oímos lo que el grupo tiene para decir? = Why don’t we hear what the group has to say?

3. seguir = to observe 

yo sigo nosotros seguimos
sigues vosotros seguís
él/ella/usted sigue ellos/ellas/ustedes siguen 

Instance sentences:

  • No sigo tu lógica. = I don’t observe your logic. 
  • Mi perro me sigue. = My canine follows me. 

4. venir = to come back 

yo vengo nosotros venimos
vienes vosotros venís
él/ella/usted viene ellos/ellas/ustedes vienen 

Instance sentences:

  • Cada vez que venimos es un desastre. = Each time we come right here, it’s a catastrophe.
  • ¿Por qué no venís a cenar mañana? = Why don’t you all come for dinner tomorrow?

5. decir = to say, to inform

yo digo nosotros decimos
dices vosotros decís
él/ella/usted cube ellos/ellas/ustedes dicen 

Instance sentences:

  • Dices eso ahora, pero ¿qué tal en 30 años? = You say that now, however what about in 30 years?
  • Mi mamá cube que necesitamos dormir ahora. = My mother says we have to sleep now. 

6. pedir = to ask for, to order

yo pido nosotros pedimos
pides vosotros pedís
él/ella/usted pide ellos/ellas/ustedes piden

Instance sentences:

  • Pido tacos de pescado del restaurante de la calle. = I order fish tacos from the restaurant down the road.
  • ¿Por qué no le pides que juegue con nosotras? = Why don’t you ask her to play with us?

7. repetir = to repeat

yo repito nosotros repetimos
repites vosotros repetís
él/ella/usted repite ellos/ellas/ustedes repiten 

Instance sentences:

  • Mi hijo pequeño repite todo lo que su hermano cube. = My youthful son repeats every little thing his brother says.
  • Los niños repiten lo que hacen las personas mayores. = Youngsters repeat what older folks do.  

8. sentir = to really feel

yo siento nosotros sentimos
sientes vosotros despatchedís
él/ella/usted siente ellos/ellas/ustedes sienten 

Instance sentences:

  • Me siento como un turista en mi propia ciudad. = I really feel like a vacationer in my very own metropolis.
  • Los dos sentís lo mismo. = You each really feel the identical method.

9. vestir = to decorate, to put on

yo visto nosotros vestimos
vistes vosotros vestís
él/ella/usted viste ellos/ellas/ustedes visten 

Instance sentences:

  • ¿Cómo te vistes para el trabajo? = How do you gown for work?
  • ¡Nos vestimos para impresionar! = We gown to impress!

10. dormir = to sleep

yo duermo nosotros dormimos
duermes vosotros dormís
él/ella/usted duerme ellos/ellas/ustedes duermen 

Instance sentences:

  • ¿Duermes en clase? = Do you sleep at school?
  • Los bebés duermen menos que los adolescentes. = Infants sleep lower than youngsters.

A greater technique to be taught verbs in Spanish

There are extra Spanish verbs than we are able to record, however there are additionally extra methods to successfully be taught Spanish than memorizing conjugation tables. In truth, one of the simplest ways to be taught a language and get conversation-ready is thru immersive studying. 

And Rosetta Stone’s Dynamic Immersion strategy to language studying helps you do exactly that! With real-world matters and real-time pronunciation suggestions, you possibly can be taught every little thing you want to converse confidently—in a method that feels pure and enjoyable. 

Begin your first Spanish lesson at the moment at

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