In revenue and loss, the exercise of shopping for issues from one place and promoting them at one other place is named enterprise.

Clarification I:

Sam is a shopkeeper. He buys the next articles from a wholesale market on the following charges:

**Article**

Water Bottle

Pen

Pencil Field

Lunch Field

Ball

**Bought at**

$ 45

$ 10

$ 25

$ 30

$ 5

**Offered at**

$ 60

$ 25

$ 35

$ 55

$ 8

Fee at which an article is bought is named Value Worth (C.P.)

Fee at which an article is bought is named Promoting Worth (S.P.)

Sam purchases the water bottle for $ 45. He bought it for $ 60.

Right here, value worth = $ 45

Promoting worth = $ 60

Thus, incomes $ 60 – $ 40 = $ 20 extra

The additional cash earned by promoting an article is named revenue or achieve.

When Promoting Worth (S.P.) is bigger than the Value Worth (C.P.) we have now a achieve (Revenue).

Sam purchases the pencil field for $ 25. There have been some defects within the pencil field.

So, he bought it for $ 20.

Right here, Value Worth = $ 25

Promoting Worth = $ 20

Thus, misplaced $ 25 – $ 20 = $ 5

The cash misplaced by promoting an article is named Loss.

When Value Worth (C.P.) is bigger than the Promoting Worth (S.P.) we have now a loss.

Revenue or Achieve = S.P. – C.P. = Promoting Worth – Value Worth

Loss = C.P. – S.P. = Value Worth – Promoting Worth

Clarification II:

Ron is a shopkeeper. He buys his items both from the manufacturing unit immediately

or from the entire vendor. He then tries to promote every of products or merchandise at

the next worth to earn cash. If he succeeds, he makes a revenue or achieve

or else he suffers a loss.

**For instance:**

**1.** If Ron buys rice at $ 20 per kg and sells it at $ 23 per kg, he makes a revenue of $ 3. (i.e., 23 – 20 = 3)

Value worth (CP) = $ 20,

Promoting worth (SP) = $ 23

Revenue or Achieve = $ 20

**2.** If Ron buys rice at $ 20 per kg and sells it at $ 18 per kg, he suffers a lack of $ 2 i.e., (20 – 18 = 2)

Value worth (CP) = $ 20,

Promoting worth (SP) = $ 18

Loss = $ 2

**From this we perceive:**

(i) The value at which a person buys his items is named the** Value Worth (CP)**.

(ii) The value at which a person sells his items is named the** Promoting Worth (SP)**.

(iii) When the SP is bigger than CP the person makes a **Revenue or Achieve**.

**SP > CP → Revenue = SP – CP**

(iv) When the SP is lower than CP the person suffers a **Loss**.

**SP > CP → Loss = CP – SP**

**For instance:**

**1.** Ron purchased rice price $ 2000 and spent $ 200 for transporting it to his store, $ 150 on getting it cleaned and $ 50 on packing.

Then complete CP = 2000 + 200 + 150 + 50 = $ 2400.

(v)

Transportation expenses, labour expenses, salaries and many others. are known as

Overhead Bills and these are all the time added to the price worth to get

the full CP.

**Extra Examples on Revenue and Loss:**

**1.** Ron got here residence from college at 4 o’clock. Then his mom gave

him an inventory.

Sugar = 1 kg

Electrical bulbs = 2 nos.

Geometry field = 1

Ron goes to a provision retailer to purchase sugar.

A provision retailer sells rice, wheat, cleaning soap, oil, and many others.

He goes to {an electrical} store to purchase bulbs.

{An electrical} store sells all electrical items.

He goes to a stationery store to purchase geometry field.

A stationery store sells paper, notebooks, pens, pencils,

containers, and many others.

An individual who sells items in massive portions is named a

complete sale supplier.

The one that sells small portions of products is named a

retainer.

The retailer buys articles from complete sale supplier at a

worth. He provides a bit of more money on every article and sells them to

prospects.

**Value worth (CP):**

The value at which the retailer buys the articles is named

Value worth.

**Promoting worth (SP):**

The value at which the retailer sells the articles is named

Promoting worth.

**2.** Suppose the retailer buys an article for $ 250 and he

sells it for $ 285. Right here $ 250 is named the price worth of the article and $ 285

is named the promoting worth of the article.

On this case, for the reason that promoting worth is bigger than the

value worth, it’s known as revenue.

The distinction between promoting worth and value worth is

known as revenue or achieve.

S.P – C.P = Achieve

S.P =

C.P + Achieve

C.P =

S.P – Achieve

**3.** Ashley purchased IV commonplace Arithmetic textual content for $ 50 final

yr. After finding out she gave it to her pal for $ 25.

Right here $ 50 is the price worth and $ 25 is the promoting worth.

On this case, for the reason that value worth is greater than the promoting

worth, the distinction between promoting worth and value worth is named loss.

C.P – S.P = Loss

C.P = S.P + Loss

S.P = C.P – Loss

**4.** Ron purchased a grinder for $ 1500. He bought it for $ 1000.

What’s his achieve or loss?

Value worth of a grinder (C.P) = $ 1500

Promoting worth of a grinder (S.P) = $ 1000

Since value worth > promoting worth; loss = value worth –

promoting worth

= $ 1500 – 1000

= $ 500

Due to this fact, loss = $500.

**5.** Kate bought her cow for $ 3200. If she gained $ 290 discover

the price worth.

Promoting worth of cow (S.P) = $ 3200

Achieve =

$ 290

Value worth of the cow (C.P) = promoting worth – achieve

= $ 3200 – 290

=

$ 2910

Due to this fact, C.P = $2910.

**6.** A person purchased a settee set for $ 8250. He bought it at a loss

of $ 500. Discover the promoting worth.

Value worth of couch set (C.P) = $ 8250

Loss =

$ 500

Promoting worth of couch set (S.P) = value worth –

loss

=

$ 8250 – 500

= $ 7750

Due to this fact, S.P = $ 7750

**7.** Amy purchased a look ahead to a certain quantity and bought it for $

870. What’s the price of it, if it was bought at a lack of $ 125?

Promoting worth of the watch (SP) = $ 870

Loss = $ 125

Value worth of the watch (CP) = promoting worth + loss

= $ 870 + 125

= $ 995

**Questions and Solutions on Revenue and Loss:**

**I. Full the desk:**

C.P Rs. |
S.P Rs. |
Achieve Rs. |

250 |
283 |
_____ |

_____ |
365 |
25 |

195 |
_____ |
30 |

1210 |
1250 |
_____ |

6650 |
_____ |
45 |

_____ |
576 |
19 |

**II. Full the desk:**

C.P Rs. |
S.P Rs. |
Loss Rs. |

456 |
420 |
_____ |

_____ |
629 |
28 |

392 |
_____ |
41 |

1545 |
1505 |
_____ |

6295 |
_____ |
250 |

_____ |
728 |
100 |

**III. Worksheet on Phrase Issues on Revenue and Loss:**

Remedy the next issues:

**1.** A shopkeeper bought an article for $ 250 and bought it

for $ 300. Discover his achieve.

**2.** Ron purchased a two wheeler for $ 19200 and bought it at a

lack of $ 1500. Discover the promoting worth.

**3.** A farmer gained $ 350 by promoting a goat for $ 3200. What

is the price worth?

**4.** An article was purchased for $ 5565 and was bought for $ 5220.

Discover the loss.

**5.** An individual bought his home for $ 75000 and misplaced $ 15000 on

it. Discover the price worth.

**6.** A dealer purchased an article for $ 1275. By promoting it he

gained $ 350. What’s the promoting worth.

**Formulation of Revenue and Loss.**

**To seek out Value Worth or Promoting Worth when Revenue or Loss is
given.**

**Worksheet on Revenue and Loss.**

**From Revenue and Loss to HOME PAGE**

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