Li, M. F. et al. Ultrafine jagged platinum nanowires allow ultrahigh mass exercise for the oxygen discount response. Science 354, 1414–1419 (2016).
Huang, X. Q. et al. Excessive-performance transition metal-doped Pt3Ni octahedra for oxygen discount response. Science 348, 1230–1234 (2015).
Zhu, M. et al. Single atomic cerium websites with a excessive coordination quantity for environment friendly oxygen discount in proton-exchange membrane gas cells. ACS Catal. 11, 3923–3929 (2021).
Liu, J. et al. Edge-hosted Fe-N3 websites on a multiscale porous carbon framework combining excessive intrinsic exercise with environment friendly mass transport for oxygen discount. Chem. Catal. 1, 1291–1307 (2021).
Liu, J. et al. Digital construction regulation of single-atom catalysts for electrochemical oxygen discount to H2O2. Small 18, 2103824 (2022).
Brillas, E., Sirés, I. & Oturan, M. A. Electro-Fenton course of and associated electrochemical applied sciences based mostly on Fenton’s response chemistry. Chem. Rev. 109, 6570–6631 (2009).
Puértolas, B., Hill, A. Ok., García, T., Solsona, B. & Torrente-Murciano, L. In-situ synthesis of hydrogen peroxide in tandem with selective oxidation reactions: a mini-review. Catal. As we speak 248, 115–127 (2015).
Chang, Q. et al. Selling H2O2 manufacturing through 2-electron oxygen discount by coordinating partially oxidized Pd with defect carbon. Nat. Commun. 11, 2178 (2020).
Jiang, Ok., Zhao, J. & Wang, H. Catalyst design for electrochemical oxygen discount towards hydrogen peroxide. Adv. Funct. Mater. 30, 2003321 (2020).
Siahrostami, S. et al. Enabling direct H2O2 manufacturing via rational electrocatalyst design. Nat. Mater. 12, 1137–1143 (2013).
Jirkovský, J. S. et al. Single atom hot-spots at Au-Pd nanoalloys for electrocatalytic H2O2 manufacturing. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 133, 19432–19441 (2011).
Zhang, Y. et al. Maximizing the catalytic efficiency of Pd@AuxPd1-x nanocubes in H2O2 manufacturing by lowering shell thickness to extend compositional stability. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 60, 19643–19647 (2021).
Verdaguer-Casadevall, A. et al. Tendencies within the electrochemical synthesis of H2O2: enhancing exercise and selectivity by electrocatalytic web site engineering. Nano Lett. 14, 1603–1608 (2014).
Gupta, S. et al. Engineering favorable morphology and construction of Fe-N-C oxygen-reduction catalysts via tuning of nitrogen/carbon precursors. ChemSusChem 10, 774–785 (2017).
Zitolo, A. et al. Identification of catalytic websites for oxygen discount in iron- and nitrogen-doped graphene supplies. Nat. Mater. 14, 937–942 (2015).
Chung Hoon, T. et al. Direct atomic-level perception into the lively websites of a high-performance PGM-free ORR catalyst. Science 357, 479–484 (2017).
Chen, Y. et al. Single-atom catalysts: artificial methods and electrochemical purposes. Joule 2, 1242–1264 (2018).
He, G., Yan, M., Gong, H., Fei, H. & Wang, S. Ultrafast artificial methods beneath excessive heating situations towards single-atom catalysts. Int. J. Extrem. Manuf. 4, 032003 (2022).
Liu, R. et al. Design of aligned porous carbon movies with single-atom Co-N-C websites for high-current-density hydrogen era. Adv. Mater. 33, 2103533 (2021).
Gong, H. et al. Low-coordinated Co-N-C on oxygenated graphene for environment friendly electrocatalytic H2O2 manufacturing. Adv. Funct. Mater. 32, 2106886 (2022).
Wu, Z.-Y. et al. Electrochemical ammonia synthesis through nitrate discount on Fe single atom catalyst. Nat. Commun. 12, 2870 (2021).
Xiong, Y. et al. Single-atom Rh/N-doped carbon electrocatalyst for formic acid oxidation. Nat. Nanotechnol. 15, 390–397 (2020).
Therrien, A. J. et al. An atomic-scale view of single-site Pt catalysis for low-temperature CO oxidation. Nat. Catal. 1, 192–198 (2018).
Wang, Q. et al. Molten NaCl-assisted synthesis of porous Fe-N-C electrocatalysts with a excessive density of catalytically accessible Fe-N4 lively websites and excellent oxygen discount response efficiency. Adv. Power Mater. 11, 2100219 (2021).
Liang, Z. et al. Extremely curved nanostructure-coated Co, N-doped carbon supplies for oxygen electrocatalysis. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 60, 12759–12764 (2021).
Shang, H. et al. Engineering remoted Mn-N2C2 atomic interface websites for environment friendly bifunctional oxygen discount and evolution response. Nano Lett. 20, 5443–5450 (2020).
Fei, H. et al. Basic synthesis and definitive structural identification of MN4C4 single-atom catalysts with tunable electrocatalytic actions. Nat. Catal. 1, 63–72 (2018).
Jung, E. et al. Atomic-level tuning of Co-N-C catalyst for high-performance electrochemical H2O2 manufacturing. Nat. Mater. 19, 436–442 (2020).
Wang, Q. et al. Atomically dispersed s-block magnesium websites for electroreduction of CO2 to CO. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 60, 25241–25245 (2021).
Lin, Z. et al. Tuning the p-orbital electron construction of s-block steel Ca permits a high-performance electrocatalyst for oxygen discount. Adv. Mater. 33, 2107103 (2021).
Zhang, E. et al. Engineering the native atomic environments of indium single-atom catalysts for environment friendly electrochemical manufacturing of hydrogen peroxide. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 61, e202117347 (2022).
Xu, F. et al. Atomic Sn-enabled high-utilization, large-capacity, and long-life Na anode. Sci. Adv. 8, eabm7489 (2022).
Teng, Z. et al. Atomically dispersed antimony on carbon nitride for the factitious photosynthesis of hydrogen peroxide. Nat. Catal. 4, 374–384 (2021).
Yang, X. et al. Enhance selectivity of HCOO− utilizing anchored Bi single atoms in direction of CO2 discount. ChemSusChem 13, 6307–6311 (2020).
Guo, W. et al. Atomic indium catalysts for switching CO2 electroreduction merchandise from formate to CO. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 143, 6877–6885 (2021).
Wang, T. et al. Atomically dispersed semimetallic selenium on porous carbon membrane as an electrode for hydrazine gas cells. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 58, 13466–13471 (2019).
Zhang, E. et al. Bismuth single atoms ensuing from transformation of metal-organic frameworks and their use as electrocatalysts for CO2 discount. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 141, 16569–16573 (2019).
Wang, T. et al. P-block atomically dispersed antimony catalyst for extremely environment friendly oxygen discount response. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 60, 21237–21241 (2021).
Luo, F. et al. P-block single-metal-site tin/nitrogen-doped carbon gas cell cathode catalyst for oxygen discount response. Nat. Mater. 19, 1215–1223 (2020).
Hu, H. et al. Atomically dispersed selenium websites on nitrogen-doped carbon for environment friendly electrocatalytic oxygen discount. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 61, e202114441 (2022).
Gu, Y., Xi, B., Zhang, H., Ma, Y. & Xiong, S. Activation of main-group Sb atomic websites for oxygen discount catalysis. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 61, e202202200 (2022).
Liu, S. et al. Turning main-group ingredient magnesium right into a extremely lively electrocatalyst for oxygen discount response. Nat. Commun. 11, 938 (2020).
Zhang, D. et al. Atomically dispersed antimony on N-doped carbon for extremely environment friendly oxygen discount response. Chem. Eng. J. 439, 135700 (2022).
Xiong, Y. et al. Cobalt single atom web site catalysts with ultrahigh steel loading for enhanced cardio oxidation of ethylbenzene. Nano Res. 14, 2418–2423 (2021).
Wu, J., Xiong, L., Zhao, B., Liu, M. & Huang, L. Densely populated single atom catalysts. Small Strategies 4, 1900540 (2020).
Li, Z. et al. Rising ultrahigh-density single-atom catalysts for versatile heterogeneous catalysis purposes: redefinition, current progress, and challenges. Small Struct. 3, 2200041 (2022).
Zandiatashbar, A. et al. Impact of defects on the intrinsic power and stiffness of graphene. Nat. Commun. 5, 3186 (2014).
Jiang, Z. et al. Discovery of important group single Sb-N4 lively websites for CO2 electroreduction to formate with excessive effectivity. Power Environ. Sci. 13, 2856–2863 (2020).
Deng, D. et al. A single iron web site confined in a graphene matrix for the catalytic oxidation of benzene at room temperature. Sci. Adv. 1, e1500462 (2015).
Artyushkova, Ok. Misconceptions in interpretation of nitrogen chemistry from x-ray photoelectron spectra. J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 38, 031002 (2020).
Yan, X. et al. Coupling extremely dispersed Sb2S3 nanodots with nitrogen/sulfur dual-doped porous carbon nanosheets for environment friendly immobilization and catalysis of polysulfides conversion. Chem. Eng. J. 420, 127688 (2021).
Li, R. & Wang, D. Understanding the structure-performance relationship of lively websites at atomic scale. Nano Res. 15, 6888–6923 (2022).
Li, Q. et al. Fe remoted single atoms on S, N codoped carbon by copolymer pyrolysis technique for extremely environment friendly oxygen discount response. Adv. Mater. 30, 1800588 (2018).
Chen, S. et al. Faulty carbon-based supplies for the electrochemical synthesis of hydrogen peroxide. ACS Maintain. Chem. Eng. 6, 311–317 (2018).
Blöchl, P. E. Projector augmented-wave methodology. Phys. Rev. B 50, 17953–17979 (1994).
Kresse, G. & Hafner, J. Ab initio molecular dynamics for liquid metals. Phys. Rev. B 47, 558–561 (1993).
Hamann, D. R. Generalized gradient concept for silica section transitions. Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 660–663 (1996).
Grimme, S., Antony, J., Ehrlich, S. & Krieg, H. A constant and correct ab initio parametrization of density useful dispersion correction (DFT-D) for the 94 parts H-Pu. J. Chem. Phys. 132, 154104 (2010).
Nørskov, J. Ok. et al. Origin of the overpotential for oxygen discount at a fuel-cell cathode. J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 17886–17892 (2004).