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Monday, March 27, 2023

Starry tail tells the story of dwarf galaxy evolution — ScienceDaily

An enormous diffuse tail of stars has been found emanating from a big, faint dwarf galaxy. The presence of a tail signifies that the galaxy has skilled latest interplay with one other galaxy. This is a vital clue for understanding how so known as “ultra-diffuse” galaxies are fashioned.

Astronomers utilizing the Subaru Telescope and the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope discovered a tail of stars stretching 200,000 light-years out away from a galaxy often known as F8D1. This galaxy is a member of the M81 group positioned 12 million light-years away on the boundary between the constellations Ursa Main and Camelopardalis. F8D1 is without doubt one of the closest examples of an “ultra-diffuse” galaxy. The origin of those enigmatic galaxies has puzzled astronomers for a number of many years: are they born this diffuse or does some later occasion trigger them to puff up in dimension?

The invention of an enormous tidal tail from F8D1 is compelling proof that the galaxy has been strongly formed by occasions up to now billion years. That is the primary time that such a stellar stream has been found in a UDG. The crew suggests F8D1 was disrupted by a latest shut passage to the large spiral M81, the dominant member of the group containing F8D1.

Since F8D1 lies on the fringe of the survey space, just one tidal arm might be seen, extending to the northeast. The crew will now search to see if there’s a counterpart stream to the southwest.

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